Google Glass GDK: как общаться с Android-устройством

Я ищу способ передачи данных между моим Android-устройством и Google Glass, который не полагается на Cloud API. Поддерживается ли это? Я вижу соединения Bluetooth в приложении «Мой стекло», что заставляет меня думать, что это можно сделать. Есть ли пример исходного кода, который показывает, как это делается? Или мне нужно декомпилировать приложение MyGlass, чтобы понять это?

Есть ли предпочтительный метод для такого рода передачи данных? В идеале я хотел бы передавать данные в обоих направлениях.

    Хорошо, для запрашивающих ….

    EDIT: код ниже все еще работает, но я поставил его в git repo для тех, кто заинтересован …

    https://github.com/NathanielWaggoner/GoogleGlassBlutooth

    Вот мой код Bluetooth Host / Client. Это не идеально – вам понадобится некоторое терпение, и есть некоторые ошибки при повторном подключении и т. Д., Но это действительно работает. Я отправляю данные до Glass From Hand Held и обновляю UI (публиковать живые карточки, обновлять живые карты и т. Д.) Примерно на три дня, используя это сейчас.

    Ведущий:

    import java.io.IOException; import java.io.InputStream; import java.io.OutputStream; import java.util.ArrayList; import java.util.UUID; import android.app.Activity; import android.bluetooth.BluetoothAdapter; import android.bluetooth.BluetoothServerSocket; import android.bluetooth.BluetoothSocket; import android.content.BroadcastReceiver; import android.content.Context; import android.content.Intent; import android.content.IntentFilter; import android.os.Bundle; import android.os.Handler; import android.os.Looper; import android.os.Message; import android.util.Log; import android.view.Menu; import android.widget.TextView; public class BluetoothHost extends Activity { public static String msgToSend=""; public static final int STATE_CONNECTION_STARTED = 0; public static final int STATE_CONNECTION_LOST = 1; public static final int READY_TO_CONN = 2; public static final String DEVICE_NAME = "device_name"; public static final String TOAST = "toast"; // our last connection ConnectedThread mConnectedThread;// = new ConnectedThread(socket); // track our connections ArrayList mConnThreads; // bt adapter for all your bt needs (where we get all our bluetooth powers) BluetoothAdapter myBt; // list of sockets we have running (for multiple connections) ArrayList mSockets = new ArrayList(); // list of addresses for devices we've connected to ArrayList mDeviceAddresses = new ArrayList(); // just a name, nothing more... String NAME="G6BITCHES"; // We can handle up to 7 connections... or something... UUID[] uuids = new UUID[2]; // some uuid's we like to use.. String uuid1 = "05f2934c-1e81-4554-bb08-44aa761afbfb"; String uuid2 = "c2911cd0-5c3c-11e3-949a-0800200c9a66"; // just a tag.. String TAG = "G6 Bluetooth Host Activity"; // constant we define and pass to startActForResult (must be >0), that the system passes back to you in your onActivityResult() // implementation as the requestCode parameter. int REQUEST_ENABLE_BT = 1; AcceptThread accThread; TextView connectedDevices; Handler handle; BroadcastReceiver receiver; @Override protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) { super.onCreate(savedInstanceState); // the activity for this is pretty stripped, just a basic selection ui.... setContentView(R.layout.activity_main); uuids[0] = UUID.fromString(uuid1); uuids[1] = UUID.fromString(uuid2); connectedDevices = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.connected_devices_values); handle = new Handler(Looper.getMainLooper()) { @Override public void handleMessage(Message msg) { switch (msg.what) { case STATE_CONNECTION_STARTED: connectedDevices.setText(msg.getData().getString("NAMES")); break; case STATE_CONNECTION_LOST: connectedDevices.setText(""); startListening(); break; case READY_TO_CONN: startListening(); default: break; } } }; // .... myBt = BluetoothAdapter.getDefaultAdapter(); // run the "go get em" thread.. accThread = new AcceptThread(); accThread.start(); } public void startListening() { if(accThread!=null) { accThread.cancel(); }else if (mConnectedThread!= null) { mConnectedThread.cancel(); } else { accThread = new AcceptThread(); accThread.start(); } } @Override public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) { // Inflate the menu; this adds items to the action bar if it is present. getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.main, menu); return true; } private class AcceptThread extends Thread { private BluetoothServerSocket mmServerSocket; BluetoothServerSocket tmp; public AcceptThread() { BluetoothServerSocket tmp = null; try { tmp = myBt.listenUsingInsecureRfcommWithServiceRecord(NAME, uuids[0]); } catch (IOException e) { } mmServerSocket = tmp; } public void run() { Log.e(TAG,"Running?"); BluetoothSocket socket = null; // Keep listening until exception occurs or a socket is returned while (true) { try { socket = mmServerSocket.accept(); } catch (IOException e) { e.printStackTrace(); break; } // If a connection was accepted if (socket != null) { try { mmServerSocket.close(); } catch (IOException e) { // TODO Auto-generated catch block e.printStackTrace(); } // Do work to manage the connection (in a separate thread) manageConnectedSocket(socket); break; } } } /** Will cancel the listening socket, and cause the thread to finish */ public void cancel() { try { mmServerSocket.close(); Message msg = handle.obtainMessage(READY_TO_CONN); handle.sendMessage(msg); } catch (IOException e) { } } } private void manageConnectedSocket(BluetoothSocket socket) { // start our connection thread mConnectedThread = new ConnectedThread(socket); mConnectedThread.start(); // Send the name of the connected device back to the UI Activity // so the HH can show you it's working and stuff... String devs=""; for(BluetoothSocket sock: mSockets) { devs+=sock.getRemoteDevice().getName()+"\n"; } // pass it to the UI.... Message msg = handle.obtainMessage(STATE_CONNECTION_STARTED); Bundle bundle = new Bundle(); bundle.putString("NAMES", devs); msg.setData(bundle); handle.sendMessage(msg); } private class ConnectedThread extends Thread { private final BluetoothSocket mmSocket; private final InputStream mmInStream; private final OutputStream mmOutStream; public ConnectedThread(BluetoothSocket socket) { Log.d(TAG, "create ConnectedThread"); mmSocket = socket; InputStream tmpIn = null; OutputStream tmpOut = null; // Get the BluetoothSocket input and output streams try { tmpIn = socket.getInputStream(); tmpOut = socket.getOutputStream(); } catch (IOException e) { Log.e(TAG, "temp sockets not created", e); } mmInStream = tmpIn; mmOutStream = tmpOut; } public void run() { Log.i(TAG, "BEGIN mConnectedThread"); byte[] buffer = new byte[1024]; int bytes; // Keep listening to the InputStream while connected while (true) { try { //byte[] blah = ("System Time:" +System.currentTimeMillis()).getBytes(); if(!msgToSend.equals("")) { Log.e(TAG,"writing!"); write(msgToSend.getBytes()); setMsg(""); } Thread.sleep(1000); } catch (Exception e) { Log.e(TAG, "disconnected", e); connectionLost(); } } } public void connectionLost() { Message msg = handle.obtainMessage(STATE_CONNECTION_LOST); handle.sendMessage(msg); } /** * Write to the connected OutStream. * @param buffer The bytes to write */ public void write(byte[] buffer) { try { mmOutStream.write(buffer); } catch (IOException e) { Log.e(TAG, "Exception during write", e); connectionLost(); } } public void cancel() { try { mmSocket.close(); Message msg = handle.obtainMessage(READY_TO_CONN); handle.sendMessage(msg); } catch (IOException e) { Log.e(TAG, "close() of connect socket failed", e); } } } public static synchronized void setMsg(String newMsg) { msgToSend = newMsg; } public static class HostBroadRec extends BroadcastReceiver { @Override public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) { Bundle b= intent.getExtras(); String vals =""; for(String key: b.keySet()) { vals+=key+"&"+b.getString(key)+"Z"; } BluetoothHost.setMsg(vals); } } } 

    Клиент:

     import java.io.IOException; import java.io.InputStream; import java.io.OutputStream; import java.util.ArrayList; import java.util.Set; import java.util.UUID; import android.app.Activity; import android.bluetooth.BluetoothAdapter; import android.bluetooth.BluetoothDevice; import android.bluetooth.BluetoothSocket; import android.content.BroadcastReceiver; import android.content.Context; import android.content.Intent; import android.content.IntentFilter; import android.os.Bundle; import android.os.Handler; import android.os.Looper; import android.os.Message; import android.text.format.DateFormat; import android.util.Log; import android.view.Menu; import android.view.View; import android.view.WindowManager; import android.widget.AdapterView; import android.widget.AdapterView.OnItemSelectedListener; import android.widget.ArrayAdapter; import android.widget.Spinner; import android.widget.TextView; import android.widget.Toast; public class BluetoothClient extends Activity { public static final int READY_TO_CONN =0; public static final int CANCEL_CONN =1; public static final int MESSAGE_READ =2; // holds the bluetooth names/ids that we're associated with. ArrayAdapter btArray; // bt adapter for all your bt needs BluetoothAdapter myBt; String NAME="G6BITCHES"; String TAG = "G6 Bluetooth Slave Activity"; UUID[] uuids = new UUID[2]; // some uuid's we like to use.. String uuid1 = "05f2934c-1e81-4554-bb08-44aa761afbfb"; String uuid2 = "c2911cd0-5c3c-11e3-949a-0800200c9a66"; // DateFormat df = new DateFormat("ddyyyy") ConnectThread mConnThread; Spinner devices; Handler handle; // constant we define and pass to startActForResult (must be >0), that the system passes back to you in your onActivityResult() // implementation as the requestCode parameter. int REQUEST_ENABLE_BT = 1; // bc for discovery mode for BT... private final BroadcastReceiver mReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() { public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) { String action = intent.getAction(); // When discovery finds a device if (BluetoothDevice.ACTION_FOUND.equals(action)) { // Get the BluetoothDevice object from the Intent BluetoothDevice device = intent.getParcelableExtra(BluetoothDevice.EXTRA_DEVICE); // Add the name and address to an array adapter to show in a ListView if(device!= null) { if(device.getName().contains("Nexus")) { } else { btArray.add(device.getName() + "\n" + device.getAddress()); } } update(); } } }; Context ctx; @Override protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) { super.onCreate(savedInstanceState); // publishCards(this); getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_KEEP_SCREEN_ON); ctx = this; handle = new Handler(Looper.getMainLooper()) { @Override public void handleMessage(Message msg) { switch (msg.what) { case READY_TO_CONN: mConnThread=null; update(); break; case CANCEL_CONN: break; case MESSAGE_READ: byte[] readBuf = (byte[]) msg.obj; // construct a string from the valid bytes in the buffer String readMessage = new String(readBuf, 0, msg.arg1); Log.e(TAG,"received: "+readMessage); if (readMessage.length() > 0) { // do soemthing... } // updateCards(ctx, readMessage); // update() // mConversationArrayAdapter.add(mConnectedDeviceName+": " + readMessage); break; default: break; } } }; btArray = new ArrayAdapter(this, android.R.layout.simple_spinner_item, android.R.id.text1); btArray.setDropDownViewResource(android.R.layout.simple_spinner_dropdown_item); uuids[0] = UUID.fromString(uuid1); uuids[1] = UUID.fromString(uuid2); // spinner for displaying available devices for pairing devices = (Spinner) findViewById(R.id.devices_spinner); devices.setAdapter(btArray); // use the same UUID across an installation // should allow clients to find us repeatedly myBt = BluetoothAdapter.getDefaultAdapter(); if (myBt == null) { Toast.makeText(this, "Device Does not Support Bluetooth", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show(); } else if (!myBt.isEnabled()) { // we need to wait until bt is enabled before set up, so that's done either in the following else, or // in the onActivityResult for our code ... Intent enableBtIntent = new Intent(BluetoothAdapter.ACTION_REQUEST_ENABLE); startActivityForResult(enableBtIntent, REQUEST_ENABLE_BT); } else { detectAndSetUp(); } setContentView(R.layout.bluetooth_activity_layout); } @Override public void onDestroy() { unregisterReceiver(mReceiver); super.onDestroy(); } @Override protected void onActivityResult (int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data){ if(requestCode == REQUEST_ENABLE_BT) { if (resultCode != RESULT_OK) { Toast.makeText(this, "Failed to enable Bluetooth", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show(); } else { Toast.makeText(this, "Bluetooth Enabled", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show(); detectAndSetUp(); } } } private void detectAndSetUp() { IntentFilter filter = new IntentFilter(BluetoothDevice.ACTION_FOUND); registerReceiver(mReceiver, filter); // Don't forget to unregister during onDestroy Set pairedDevices = myBt.getBondedDevices(); // If there are paired devices if (pairedDevices.size() > 0) { // Loop through paired devices for (BluetoothDevice device : pairedDevices) { if(device.getName().contains("Nexus")) { } else { btArray.add(device.getName() + "\n" + device.getAddress()); } // Add the name and address to an array adapter to show in a ListView // btArray.add(device.getName() + "\n" + device.getAddress()); // update(); } } myBt.startDiscovery(); } public void update() { devices = (Spinner) findViewById(R.id.devices_spinner); devices.setAdapter(btArray); devices.setOnItemSelectedListener(new OnItemSelectedListener() { @Override public void onItemSelected(AdapterView arg0, View arg1, int position, long id) { if(mConnThread!=null) { Log.e(TAG,"Canceling old connection, and starting new one."); mConnThread.cancel(); } else { Log.e(TAG,"got a thing..."); String str = ((TextView)arg1).getText().toString(); Log.e(TAG,"tots: "+str); String[] vals = str.split("\n"); Log.e(TAG,"mac: "+vals[1]); BluetoothDevice dev = myBt.getRemoteDevice(vals[1]); mConnThread = new ConnectThread(dev); mConnThread.run(); } } @Override public void onNothingSelected(AdapterView arg0) { // TODO Auto-generated method stub } }); } @Override public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) { // Inflate the menu; this adds items to the action bar if it is present. getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.bluetooth, menu); return true; } private class ConnectThread extends Thread { private final BluetoothSocket mmSocket; private final BluetoothDevice mmDevice; public ConnectThread(BluetoothDevice device) { Log.e(TAG,"ConnectThread start...."); // Use a temporary object that is later assigned to mmSocket, // because mmSocket is final BluetoothSocket tmp = null; mmDevice = device; // Get a BluetoothSocket to connect with the given BluetoothDevice try { // this seems to work on the note3... // you can remove the Insecure if you want to... tmp = device.createInsecureRfcommSocketToServiceRecord(uuids[0]); // Method m; // this is an approach I've seen others use, it wasn't nescesary for me, // but your results may vary... // m = device.getClass().getMethod("createInsecureRfcommSocket", new Class[] {int.class}); // tmp = (BluetoothSocket) m.invoke(device, 1); // } catch (NoSuchMethodException e1) { // // TODO Auto-generated catch block // e1.printStackTrace(); // } catch (IllegalArgumentException e2) { // // TODO Auto-generated catch block // e2.printStackTrace(); // } catch (IllegalAccessException e3) { // // TODO Auto-generated catch block // e3.printStackTrace(); // } catch (InvocationTargetException e4) { // // TODO Auto-generated catch block // e4.printStackTrace(); // } // if(tmp.isConnected()) { // break // } } catch (Exception e) { Log.e(TAG,"Danger Will Robinson"); e.printStackTrace(); } mmSocket = tmp; } public void run() { // Cancel discovery because it will slow down the connection myBt.cancelDiscovery(); Log.e(TAG,"stopping discovery"); try { // Connect the device through the socket. This will block // until it succeeds or throws an exception Log.e(TAG,"connecting!"); mmSocket.connect(); } catch (IOException connectException) { Log.e(TAG,"failed to connect"); // Unable to connect; close the socket and get out try { Log.e(TAG,"close-ah-da-socket"); mmSocket.close(); } catch (IOException closeException) { Log.e(TAG,"failed to close hte socket"); } Log.e(TAG,"returning.."); return; } Log.e(TAG,"we can now manage our connection!"); // Do work to manage the connection (in a separate thread) manageConnectedSocket(mmSocket); } /** Will cancel an in-progress connection, and close the socket */ public void cancel() { try { mmSocket.close(); Message msg = handle.obtainMessage(READY_TO_CONN); handle.sendMessage(msg); } catch (IOException e) { } } } public void manageConnectedSocket(BluetoothSocket mmSocket) { ConnectedThread t = new ConnectedThread(mmSocket); t.start(); // manage your socket... I'll probably do a lot of the boiler plate here later } private class ConnectedThread extends Thread { private final BluetoothSocket mmSocket; private final InputStream mmInStream; private final OutputStream mmOutStream; public ConnectedThread(BluetoothSocket socket) { Log.d(TAG, "create ConnectedThread"); mmSocket = socket; InputStream tmpIn = null; OutputStream tmpOut = null; // Get the BluetoothSocket input and output streams try { tmpIn = socket.getInputStream(); tmpOut = socket.getOutputStream(); } catch (IOException e) { Log.e(TAG, "temp sockets not created", e); } mmInStream = tmpIn; mmOutStream = tmpOut; } public void run() { Log.i(TAG, "BEGIN mConnectedThread"); byte[] buffer = new byte[1024]; int bytes; // Keep listening to the InputStream while connected while (true) { try { // byte[] blah = ("System Time:" +System.currentTimeMillis()).getBytes(); // write(blah); // Thread.sleep(1000); // Read from the InputStream bytes = mmInStream.read(buffer); // Send the obtained bytes to the UI Activity handle.obtainMessage(MESSAGE_READ, bytes, -1, buffer) .sendToTarget(); // .sendToTarget(); } catch (Exception e) { Log.e(TAG, "disconnected", e); connectionLost(); // break; } } } public void connectionLost() { Message msg = handle.obtainMessage(CANCEL_CONN); // Bundle bundle = new Bundle(); // bundle.putString("NAMES", devs); // msg.setData(bundle); handle.sendMessage(msg); } /** * Write to the connected OutStream. * @param buffer The bytes to write */ public void write(byte[] buffer) { try { mmOutStream.write(buffer); // Share the sent message back to the UI Activity // mHandler.obtainMessage(BluetoothChat.MESSAGE_WRITE, -1, -1, buffer) // .sendToTarget(); } catch (IOException e) { Log.e(TAG, "Exception during write", e); } } public void cancel() { try { mmSocket.close(); } catch (IOException e) { Log.e(TAG, "close() of connect socket failed", e); } } } } 

    Манифест хозяина:

                         

    Манифест клиента:

                     

    Я оставлю пользовательский интерфейс как упражнение для читателя.

    Нет предпочтительного метода, но если вы хотите сделать это по беспроводной сети, Bluetooth 3.0 RFCOMM работает.

    Если вы предоставите более подробную информацию о проблеме, которую вы пытаетесь решить в своем вопросе, я смогу предоставить более конкретный ответ.

    Несколько вещей, которые я заметил при выполнении этого решения (удивительная работа, кстати!)

    1) Я мог только создать соединение Bluetooth, когда мой телефон и Google Glass еще не были спарены через приложение MyGlass. Если у вас возникли проблемы с установкой соединения, попробуйте забыть об этом.

    2) API Glass не поддерживает управление вашим Bluetooth-соединением с помощью команд, таких как:

     Intent discoveryIntent = new Intent(BluetoothAdapter.ACTION_REQUEST_DISCOVERABLE); discoveryIntent.putExtra(BluetoothAdapter.EXTRA_DISCOVERABLE_DURATION, DISCOVER_DURATION); startActivityForResult(discoveryIntent, REQUEST_BLU); 

    Чтобы сделать стеклянную гарнитуру доступной (а не телефон, к которой она подключается), мне нужно было следовать решениям, аналогичным тем, которые были предложены пользователю user4934624 по этому вопросу, и shantanu дал на этот вопрос . Я вызвал скрытый метод прямого доступа к функциям Bluetooth. Предупреждение: скрытый метод, похоже, существует уже много лет, но нет гарантии, что он будет продолжать применяться в будущих API.

      // this method allows us to make the device discoverable without alerting the users // NOTE!!!! This uses a hidden method, so it may be removed from the API in the future public void makeDiscoverable (){ Class  baClass = BluetoothAdapter.class; Method[] methods = baClass.getDeclaredMethods(); // we want to use method setScanMode(int mode, int duration) // there are 2 setScanModes // so select the first setScanMode you see // test to see which method is the one we want //for (int i = 0; i<50; i++) {Log.d(Integer.toString(i), methods[i].getName());} //I had trouble calling the first setScanMode, so I called the second. // I need to pass in a discoverable time, but it stays discoverable indefinitely // Thus you must turn off the setScanMode as soon as the connection is established // I should probably write in some other security stuff to turn it off if connection fails // maybe a timer running on a different thread? Method mSetScanMode = methods[38]; try { mSetScanMode.invoke(myBt, BluetoothAdapter.SCAN_MODE_CONNECTABLE_DISCOVERABLE,300); //mSetScanMode.invoke(myBt, BluetoothAdapter.SCAN_MODE_CONNECTABLE_DISCOVERABLE); } catch (Exception e) { Log.e("discoverable", e.getMessage()); } } // this method allows us to make the device not discoverable without alerting the user // NOTE!!!! This uses a hidden method, so it may be removed from the API in the future public void makeNotDiscoverable (){ // see notes for makeDiscoverable Class  baClass = BluetoothAdapter.class; Method [] methods = baClass.getDeclaredMethods(); Method mSetScanMode = methods[38]; try { mSetScanMode.invoke(myBt, BluetoothAdapter.SCAN_MODE_CONNECTABLE,300); } catch (Exception e) { Log.e("discoverable", e.getMessage()); } } 

    Обратите внимание, что я сначала запускал тест, который выводит имена всех методов в classе I, отраженных; что позволило мне сузить мой поиск метода, который я хотел использовать.

    Приложение JoeGlass для android претендует на замену MyGlass. Он будет напрямую разговаривать с вашим стеклом, используя соединение Bluetooth. Я еще не пробовал это, но это с открытым исходным кодом (github), поэтому, если он работает, вы хороши.

    В моей книге «Начало разработки Google Glass» есть полная глава по этой теме, с полностью работающим примером кода использования Bluetooth и сокета для передачи данных между устройствами Glass и Android (или iOS).

    Книга доступна на амазонке: http://www.amazon.com/Beginning-Google-Glass-Development-Jeff/dp/1430267887

    и исходный код доступен для загрузки по адресу http://www.apress.com/downloadable/download/sample/sample_id/1562/

    Давайте будем гением компьютера.